Types of landscape architectural work
The work of landscape architects is both in the creation of new
landscapes - urban, rural, residential or public - and in the
management and conservation of natural and heritage landscapes.
They have a passion for the landscape, for its care, and for its
enhancement by design.
The type of work landscape architects are involved with varies
enormously, and many landscape architectural firms specialise only
in certain aspects of the profession. It's important that you
select a landscape architect that has the right skills for your
The fields landscape architects might be involved in
Site-specific landscape design (residential, commercial,
educational or public)
This includes assisting with formulation of the brief, site
measurement, and development of a landscape concept plan for the
site. Depending on the client's needs, the landscape architect
might then go on to develop construction drawings and planting
plans. In some cases the landscape architect might also be required
to prepare presentation drawings of the project (artist
impressions), so that it can be displayed to others.
Contract documentation and supervision
Most landscape architects don't actually construct their
designs, but they assist clients in inviting and reviewing tenders
from landscape contractors, awarding contracts and acting as the
client's agent or project manager.
Large-scale landscape planning and management
This type of work is typically for Councils and planning
authorities, and includes mapping out potential landscape change
scenarios, such as might occur with population growth, land-use
activity changes or infrastructure projects (such as wind farms or
roads). Landscape architects can also be involved in writing
landscape policies that feed into local or national planning
As part of the Resource Consent process, landscape architects
are often required to prepare landscape assessments detailing the
potential effects of a proposal on the landscape or on visual
amenity. They would typically present these assessments at the
Resource Consent Hearing, or if necessary provide expert evidence
at the Environment Court.
Some landscape architects are employed by Universities, or are
enrolled in a Post-Graduate or Doctorate programme, and undertake
research into landscape architectural techniques or theories. Such
landscape architects are usually not consultants, and are therefore
unlikely to be listed in the Find A Landscape Architect section,
which only shows those landscape architects who are available for
The field of landscape architecture is wide, and there may be
other areas of the profession that members are involved in that
have not been listed here.